Battling depression

Any person young or old, male or female can become depressed. Depression is increasing in all age groups, but particularly in the younger teenage group. Females tend to experience depression twice as frequently than males, and depression is estimated around 42% more common amongst children, that have grown up with a parent that is depressed.

Women find it difficult to go out and socialize, especially if they are looking after children, and feel more trapped in the home environment. Menopause, weight gain, hypertension, marriage problems are all possible negative attributes in their life.

 Men tend to experience depression with a job loss, not being promoted, arguments at home with the wife or teenage children, getting older, and perhaps experience health problems. They frequently do not to seek therapy or go to their doctor. Men can go out with their friends, socialize and drink more alcohol to suppress their underlying anxieties and depression.

Children can be misdiagnosed as a behavioural disorder, a learning disability, certainly being bullied at school can cause depression.

Depression in the elderly, where their children have left home whom they no longer see, believe that their life is over, or have some illness or disease, which again may be undiagnosed.

In the younger category, pressures on children to do better at school, with the now increasing vast array of subjects, can lead to despair, frustration, that may cause anxiety, helplessness  or hopelessness. Of course not everyone who experiences these problems or stresses becomes depressed. However, there are numerous amounts of people, thought to be 50% who go untreated because either they dont know they are depressed, or a consultation with a doctor fails to diagnose depression.

  • Sadness, feeling down, blue.
  •  Negative thoughts and feelings.
  •  Feeling hopeless, helpless, worthless.
  •  Inappropriate guilt.
  •  Pessimistic about the future.
  •  Inability to obtain pleasure, social, sexual.
  •  Decreased energy, fatigue.
  •  Memory loss, or no concentration.
  •  Difficult to make decisions.
  • Agitation
  • Irritable or restless.
  • Sleep problems, cannot get to sleep
  • wake-up and cannot get back to sleep
  • wake-up early
  • Sleeping too much.
  •  Loss of appetite.
  • Over eating
  • Suicidal Ideology.

Ante-Natal Depression

 Brief therapy to reduce and control depression prior to labour is important, especially for those that were depressed before becoming pregnant (see footnote).

 Complications, bad experiences with previous pregnancies and child birthing, or even poor quality midwifery or obstetric services can create negative assumptions for the next time around, maybe unable to speak up for herself, feeling out of control of the situation, and previous poor pain management. Unable to bond with their baby afterwards, or suffered post natal depression that she has not got over.

Pregnant women who have been taking anti-depressant medication, and due to pregnancy can no longer take them, may then develop further bouts of depression. By providing better coping skills and mechanisms, allows the female to be more in control of the situation and life in general. Therapy at this stage significantly reduces the chances of post natal or post partum depression.

Post natal depression occurs in 10 – 15% of women within a year of giving birth and have a one in five increase of being depressed after the next birth.

Many females usually within 4 days of giving birth will feel �down’ and maybe tearful for a few days which is �normal’, and termed �The baby blue’s’. This is frequently attributed to the adjustment of hormone levels.

However, some women in the post natal period continue to be unhappy, emotional, anxious about her baby, feelings of the inability to cope, feeling inadequate and may even feel guilty, perceiving herself to be a poor mother with fear of responsibility to a new human life. Interrupted sleep, can cause tiredness and lethargy, then feels fatigued through the daytime. Balancing the needs of other children can be tiring and create more work.

 Negative and poorly perceived thoughts create an increased depressive period that continues, for months and sometimes even for a year or more. Occasionally distancing from her partner or lack of communication needs to be addressed.

 Brief clinical hypnotherapy via a cognitive approach allows the depressed female to think and feel differently, looking forward to her joys of family life and living.

 Reporting in the American Journal of Psychiatry 2002, the researchers found that exposure to SSRIs during pregnancy was associated with a twofold increase in premature delivery and consequent lower birth weight. Furthermore, SSRI exposure during the last three months of pregnancy was associated with lower scores on physical health of a newborn infant.